Biggest Man Made Environmental Disasters

Biggest Man Made Environmental Disasters

1 . TVA Kingston Fossil Plant Coal Fly Ash Slurry Spill

Its a pretty crazy name huh? Its real though. In an 84 acre solid waste containment area, an ash dike ruptured in the early hours of December 22, 2008. This fossil plant in Roane County, Tennessee held 1.1 billion gallons of coal fly ash slurry which was expelled causing a mudflow wave. Although there were no reported fatalities or injuries (thank goodness), it damaged several properties and government facilities.

2 . The Exxon Valdez Oil Spill

On March 24, 1989, 260,000 to 750,000 barrels of crude oil was spilled in Prince William Sounds, Alaska by the oil tanker Exxon Valdez after it ran into Bligh Reef. It is considered to be one of the most devastating human caused environmental disasters with both the longterm and shortterm effects of the oil spill having been studied.

3 . Pacific Gyre Garbage Patch

Another example of the negative effects of human waste; the Pacific Gyre Garbage Patch is a gyre of marine debris in the central North Pacific Ocean. This patch which is characterized by high concentrations of pelagic plastics, chemical sludge and other debris formed gradually as a result of the marine pollution gathered by oceanic currents.

4 . Jilin Chemical Plant Explosions

The Jilin chemical plant explosions were

5 . Castle Bravo

The code name Castle Bravo was

6 . The Three Mile Island Nuclear Explosion

The three mile island accident was a partial nuclear meltdown which occurred in one of the two United States nuclear reactors on March 28, 1979 . Located on the three mile island in Dauphin County, Pennsylvania; it was the worst accident in U.S. commercial nuclear power plant history with the partial meltdown resulting in the release of small amounts of radioactive gases and radioactive iodine into the environment.

7 . The Kuwait Oil Fires

Around 6 million barrels of oil were lost from January to November, 1991. 600 oil wells were set afire as part of the scorched earth policy by the retreating Iraqi military forces. $1.5 billion was spent by Kuwait to extinguish the fires that caused heavy pollution to the soil and air.

8 . Door to Hell

In Derweze, Turkmenistan, a drilling rig made by Soviet geologists in 1971 gave way to a large hole measuring 70 meters in diameter, exposing a large methane gas reservoir. Fearing the environmental impact due to the substantial methane gas release; the geologists decided to burn it off. Unfortunately, the gas is still burning today.

9 . The Palomares Incident

The crash of the B52G bomber of the USAF Strategic Air Command on January 17, 1966 led to the plutonium contamination of Palomares, a small village in the municipality of Cuevas del Almanzora, Almer

10 . Sidoarjo Mud Flow

Sidoarjo (the largest mud volcano in the world) also known as the Lapindo mud, exists today because of gas blowout wells drilled by PT Lapindo Branta.