1 . Nail Polish
Nail polish is a lacquer that can be applied to the human fingernails or toenails to decorate and protect the nail plate. The formulation has been revised repeatedly to enhance its decorative effects and to suppress cracking or flaking. Nail polish consists of an organic polymer with various additives
2 . History
Nail polish originated in China, and its use dates back to 3000 BC. Around 600 BC, during the Zhou dynasty, the royal house preferred the colors gold and silver. However, red and black eventually replaced these metallic colors as royal favourites. During the Ming dynasty, nail polish was often made from a mixture that included beeswax, egg whites, gelatin, vegetable dyes, and gum Arabic. In Egypt, the lower classes wore pale colors, whereas high society painted their nails red. By the turn of the 9th century, nails were tinted with scented red oils, and polished or buffed. In the 19th and early 20th centuries, people pursued a polished rather than a painted look by massaging tinted powders and creams into their nails, then buffing them shiny. One such polishing product sold around this time was Grafs Hyglo nail polish paste.
3 . The best time to apply nail polish is when they are completely dry
If you apply nail polish while your nails are wet, or right before they will become wet, they will be prone to chipping. Start off by filing your nails in the desired shape. Buffing them also helps to smooth the nail base and makes it easier to apply nail polish. Prepare your work area and then wash your hands thoroughly. Pat dry, then apply a small amount of water and nail polish remover to a cotton ball and swab your nails to remove any oils for better adhesion. You could also try facial toner which isnt quite as drying to the skin.
4 . What nail polish removers are made of
While people have been colouring their nails since as far back as 3000 BC, using the pigment of plants and flowers, polish itself and removers were an offshoot of the invention of automotive paint in the 1920s. Today s removers are made up mainly of a solvent needed to dissolve the resins in polish such as acetone, methyl acetate or methyl ethyl ketone. These chemicals have numerous other uses; you can find them in paint thinners, glue, dry erase markers and nail polish itself. All three are permitted in cosmetics in Canada, the United States and the European Union. Of the three, acetone is used most frequently in polish removers.
5 . Start by applying a clear base coat
First, take a good amount of polish on the brush and apply a coat right in the centre of the nail. Take some more polish on the brush and apply coats on the two sides of the nails. Make sure that the entire nail is covered in these 3 swipes. Never keep on repainting the nail, it thickens the polish and you may smudge it. Let the base coat dry completely.
6 . After the base coat is done apply the colour of your choice to the nail
Apply it in similar fashion, first in the centre of the nail and then on the sides. Once all your nails are done, wait for it to dry. If the colour that youve applied is really light, it needs another coat. So apply the second coat and make sure it dries. Find a position of holding the brush that is comfortable for you. Dont stress too much about this, as chances are as you get better youll improve your form.
7 . Products used in nail salons may contain chemicals that can affect worker health
Using these products can expose nail salon workers to chemicals. Workers may breathe in the harmful vapors, dusts, or mists; get the product on their skin or in their eyes; or swallow the product if it is accidentally transferred onto food or cigarettes. Place the left side of your non dominant hand on the table in a relaxed manner and either straighten your pinky out and tuck your ring finger in under your hand or vice versa.
8 . Working in a nail salon exposes workers to many different chemicals each day
These exposures can add up, especially when many products are being used at the same time, the products are used day after day, or when there is poor ventilation in the salon. When this happens, workers can get sick. Many nail salon workers also work long hours, which adds to the amount of time they may be exposed to chemicals. These types of exposures may make workers sick immediately or cause effects over time.
9 . Chemical exposures can be controlled
The information below will help you find out what chemicals are in your salon s products and what steps you can take to reduce exposures and protect worker health. You can find more specific information about the chemicals in your workplace from the material safety data sheets (MSDS) that manufacturers are required to provide for potentially hazardous salon products.
10 . Apply a top coat and let it dry
If you want to, you can apply a fast setting top coat (available in beauty stores) and make sure it sets really soon. If you dont have a top coat, dip your fingers in ice cold water. This sets the nails polish and gives it a nice shine. Hold the brush between your thumb pad and against the side of your index finger (try adding the finger next to it a little as well for extra support). The idea is to steady your hand whilst keeping your thumb and index fingers free to manipulate the brush you are holding.