1 . Republic Day
In India, Republic Day honours the date on which the Constitution of India came into force on 26 January 1950 replacing the Government of India Act (1935) as the governing document of India.
The Constitution was passed by the Constituent Assembly of India on 26 November 1949 but was adopted on 26 January 1950 with a democratic government system, completing the country transition toward becoming an independent republic.26 January was selected for this purpose because it was this day in 1930 when the Declaration of Indian Independence (Purna Swaraj) was proclaimed by the Indian National Congress.It is one of three national holidays in India, other two being Independence Day and Gandhi Jayanti.
2 . History
India achieved independence from British rule on 15 August 1947 following the Indian independence movement noted for largely peaceful nonviolent resistance and civil disobedience led by the Indian National Congress.The independence came through the Indian Independence Act 1947 (10 11 Geo 6 c.30), an Act of the Parliament of the United Kingdom that partitioned British India into the two new independent Dominions of the British Commonwealth (later Commonwealth of Nations) India and Pakistan.India obtained its independence on 15 August 1947 as a constitutional monarchy with George VI as head of state and the Earl Mountbatten as governorgeneral.The country, though, did not yet have a permanent constitution instead its laws were based on the modified colonial Government of India Act 1935.On 28 August 1947, the Drafting Committee was appointed to draft a permanent constitution, with Dr.B.R.Ambedkar as chairman.While India Independence Day celebrates its freedom from British Rule, the Republic Day celebrates of coming into force of its constitution.A draft constitution was prepared by the committee and submitted to the Assembly on 4 November 1947.The Assembly met, in sessions open to public, for 166 days, spread over a period of 2 years, 11 months and 18 days before adopting the Constitution.After many deliberations and some modifications, the 308 members of the Assembly signed two handwritten copies of the document (one each in Hindi and English) on 24 January 1950.Two days later, it came into effect throughout the nation.
3 . Delhi Republic Day parade
To mark is held in the capital, New Delhi, from the Raisina Hill near the Rashtrapati Bhavan (the President residence), along the Rajpath, past India Gate.Prior to its commencement, the Prime Minister lays a floral wreath at the Amar Jawan Jyoti, a memorial to unknown soldiers at the India Gate at one end of Rajpath, which is followed by two minutes silence in the memory of unknown soldiers.It is a solemn reminder of the sacrifice of the martyrs who died for the country in the freedom movement and the succeeding wars for the defence of sovereignty of their country.Thereafter he or she reaches the main dais at Rajpath to join other dignitaries, subsequently the President arrives along with the chief guest of the occasion.They are escorted on horseback by the President Bodyguard.
4 . Beating Retreat
The Beating Retreat ceremony officially denotes the end of Republic Day festivities.It is conducted on the evening of 29 January, the third day after the Republic Day.It is performed by the bands of the three wings of the military, the Indian Army, Indian Navy and Indian Air Force.The venue is Raisina Hills and an adjacent square, Vijay Chowk, flanked by the North and South block of the Rashtrapati Bhavan (President Palace) towards the end of Rajpath.The Chief Guest of the function is the President of India who arrives escorted by the (PBG), a cavalry unit.When the President arrives, the PBG commander asks the unit to give the National Salute, which is followed by the playing of the Indian National Anthem, Jana Gana Mana, by the Army developed the ceremony of display by the massed bands in which Military Bands, Pipe and Drum Bands, Buglers and Trumpeters from various Army Regiments besides bands from the Navy and Air Force take part which play popular tunes like Abide With Me, Mahatma Gandhi favourite hymn, and Saare Jahan Se Achcha at the end.
5 . Chief guest
Since 1950, India has been hosting head of state or government of another country as the state guest of honour for Republic Day celebrations in New Delhi.During 19501954, Republic Day celebrations were organized at different venues (like Irwin Stadium, Kingsway, Red Fort and Ramlila Grounds).It was only starting 1955 when the parade in its present form was organized at Rajpath.The guest country is chosen after a deliberation of strategic, economic and political interests.During 1950s1970s, a number of NAM and Eastern Bloc countries were hosted by India.In the postCold War era, India has also invited several Western leaders on a state visit during the Republic Day.It is notable that before India fought bloody wars with China and Pakistan, leaders from these countries were invited as state guests for the Republic Day celebrations.Interestingly, Pakistan Food and Agriculture Minister was the second state guest from that country for Republic Day in 1965, a few days after which the two countries went to a war.Countries which have been invited multiple times include India neighbours (Bhutan, and Sri Lanka), defence allies (Russia or USSR, France and Britain), trade partners (Brazil) and NAM allies (Nigeria and erstwhile Yugoslavia).Bhutan and France have the distinction of being the guest of honour for the maximum (four) number of times followed by three visits each from Mauritius and USSR or Russia.
6 . What Special on this Republic Day
As per the media, Women armed forces of India would take part for the first time in the Republic day Parade of this year, 2015.The order came from the top authorities as our Prime Minister, Narendra Modi keen to Women Empowerment and Nari Shakti. Women Empowerment and Nari Shakti would be the main theme of this year Parade.It is also confirmed that, US President, Barack Obama would be the chief guest on this year, 2015 Republic Day celebration of India on 26th of January in New Delhi.
7 . Republic Day Celebration
As Independence Day in India is celebrated to enjoy the freedom of India from the British Rule, Republic Day in India is celebrated to commemorate the coming of its own constitution into force.Officially it is celebrated every year in the national capital of India (New Delhi) at the Rajpath in the presence of the President of India.Mini celebrations are also take place in the state capitals in the presence of the governor of the state by spreading out the National Flag of the country.January 26 is declared as the gazetted holiday all over the country by the Government of India.It is celebrated throughout the India with great enthusiasm by the students and teachers in the schools, colleges, universities and other educational institution.An excellent parade and salute event is held by the military team at the Rajpath in front of the India Gate in the New Delhi, India.
8 . How Republic Day is Celebrated
Events and celebrations are organized with great effort by the Government of India already to celebrate the Republic Day in the Capital.A huge and grand military parade is held in the New Delhi at Rajpath as well as the state capitals.Participants from the Indian Army, Air Force, Navy and traditional dance group takes part in the parades.Parade held in the New Delhi starts especially when prime minister of the India offer garland at the Amar Jawan Jyoti at the India Gate.It is done to commemorate all the sacrifices of the Indian army soldiers while saving their country.The military salute is taken by the President of India during the parade in the Capital whereas military salute is taken by the state governors in the state capitals.At this special day, a foreign head of the state become chief guest of the president.
9 . Importance of Celebrating Republic Day
Republic Day is the symbol of true spirit for the independent India where military parades, exhibiting military equipments, salute to the national flag by the Indian president and variety of events are take place at this day.Indian national flag has horizontally tricolour (upper saffron, middle white and bottom of dark green colour divided in the equal proportion) and a wheel (navy blue colour, having 24 spokes) in the centre representing the Sarnath Lion Capital of Ashoka.India is a country having people of different cultures, societies, religions and languages who interplay with each other harmoniously.Independence to the India is the great pride as it was obtained over years after facing a variety of obstacles and hurdles.The day is celebrated every year to feel the Indian people very proud for living in the multi cultural and independent country.Republic Day is celebrated in very colourful and exhilarating ways in order to make memorable and significant celebration of the year.National Anthem is sing by the people participated in the celebration.This celebration brings all the Indian people together at one place and thinks at one topic.
10 . Republic Day Speech
Good morning to all.As we all know that we have gathered here on the very special occasion of our nation called Republic Day.I would like to narrate a Republic Day speech in front of you.First of all I would like to say thank to my class teacher as just because of her I got such a wonderful opportunity in my school to come on this stage and speak something about my beloved country on its great occasion of Republic day.India is a selfgoverning country since 15th of August 1947.India got independence from the British rule on 15th of August in 1947 which we celebrate as Independence Day, However, on 26th of January since 1950 we celebrate as Republic Day.The Constitution of India came into force on 26th of January in 1950, so we celebrate this day as the Republic Day every year.This year in 2015, we are celebrating 66th republic day of India.
Republic means the supreme power of the people living in the country and only public has rights to elect their representatives as political leader to lead the country in right direction.So, India is a Republic country where public elects its leaders as a president, prime minister, etc.Our Great Indian freedom fighters have struggled a lot to the Purna Swaraj in India.They did so that their future generations may live without struggle and led country ahead.Our name of our great Indian leaders and freedom fighters are Mahatma Gandhi, Bhagat Singh, Chandra Shekher Ajad, Lala Lajpath Rai, Sardar Ballabh Bhai Patel, Lal bahadur Shastri, etc.They fought continuously against the British rule to make India a free country.We can never forget their sacrifices towards our country.We should remember them on such great occasions and salute them.It has become possible just because of them that we can think from our own mind and live freely in our nation without anyone force.
Our first Indian President was Dr.Rajendra Prasad who said that, We find the whole of this vast land brought together under the jurisdiction of one constitution and one union which takes over responsibility for the welfare of more than 320 million men and women inhabit it.How shame to say that still we are fighting with crime, corruption and violence (in the form of terrorist, rape, theft, riots, strikes, etc) in our country.Again, there is a need to get together to save our country from such slavery as it is pulling our nation back from going to its main stream of development and progress.We should be aware of our social issues like Poverty, unemployment, illiteracy, global warming, inequality, etc in order to solve them to go ahead.Dr.Abdul Kalam has said that If a country is to be corruption free and become a nation of beautiful minds, I strongly feel there are three key societal members who can make a difference.They are the Father, the Mother and the Teacher.As a citizen of the country we should think seriously about it and do all possible efforts to lead our nation.
< or b>Thanks, Jai Hind.